8 Mart insanlık tarihi açısından hakların kazanılmasında nerelerden başlandığını ve bugünlere nasıl gelindiğinin hatırlanması için güzel bir gün.
İkinci dünya savaşı yılları arasında bazı ülkelerde kutlanması yasaklanan Emekçi Kadınlar Günü, 1960’lı yılların sonunda artık engellenmeyecek duruma gelmiş, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nde bile binlerce kişinin kutlamaya başlanması ile Birleşmiş Milletler Genel Kurulu, 1977 yılında 8 Mart’ın “Dünya Emekçi Kadınlar Günü“nü “Dünya Kadınlar Günü” olarak değiştirerek kutlanmasını kabul etmek durumunda kaldı.
World Women’s Day
It is a good day to remember where March 8th was started in the acquisition of rights in terms of human history and how it is coming today.
Hundreds of women working in the textile industry in New York City, USA, on March 8, 1857, the history of the struggle for women to have equal rights, began to strike at strikes to protest low wages, long working hours and inhumane working conditions. During the strike they launched, 129 women who could not leave the factory burned and lost their lives.
For the first time in the thought that there is a unique day for women, Clara Zetkin was accepted as a proposal to commemorate 129 female workers on March 8th as the World Labor Day for Women at the International Socialist Women’s Conference in Copenhagen, 26-27 August 1910. It began to be celebrated every year in many countries after the day. It was celebrated on different days of spring as no specific date was found in the first years. The date was set on March 8th by the 3rd International Women’s Conference in Moscow in 1921.
Some important events in history in terms of Working Women’s Day
1857 New York: women march on low, daily working hours of 12 hours. They were distributed by the police.
1908 New York: 15,000 women walked for shorter working hours, better income and voting rights. They wanted a birth permit. The slogan they used was “Bread and Rose”. (Safety of bread, belly tongue, rose symbolizes better quality of life)
1909 First Women’s Day was celebrated on February 28th. Women in Europe also celebrated the last Sunday in February as Women’s Day.
1911 Copenhagen was celebrated in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland for the first time since March 19th. Hundreds of thousands of men and women engaged in different activities. They demanded the right to vote, to be elected, as well as to the right to vocational training and vocational training.
On March 8, 1917, Russian women strike for “Bread and Peace” and their working conditions protested against their living conditions. In the following years, the celebration of today spread to all European countries.
The Labor Day for Women, forbidden to be celebrated in some countries during the Second World War, was no longer to be avoided by the end of the 1960s, and with thousands of people even celebrating in the United States, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the World Labor Day “World Women’s Day” to be celebrated.